Did you know there are over 2,000 varieties of apples? 600 of them originate from the UK – that’s a lot of orchards!
Essentially there are two types – dessert apples and cooking apples. Popular apples include, Cox’s Orange Pippin, Fuji, Braeburn, Worcester Pearmain, Egremont Russett, Granny Smith, Golden Delicious and of course Pink Lady.
I’ve read that most of the health benefits in apples come from plant compounds called phytochemicals. Many of these have antioxidant properties, which protect the body’s cells from the damage that leads to heart disease and cancer.
Apples are also a great source of fibre. The recommended daily allowance (RDA) for fibre is 18g which helps your digestive system preventing diarrohea and constipation. A medium sized apple will give you around 5g which means your over a quarter of the way there if you start your day with an apple.
Finally apples are the best source of the soluable fibre called pectin. soluable fibres absorb water to bulk out the contents of your gut and lower cholesterol. Pectin binds itself to cholesterol which helps to lower the levels in your bloodstream and reduce the risk of clogged arteries.
Eat apples as close to harvesting as possible though because their Vitamin C levels start to fall. and don’t peel them. The goodness really is concentrated below the skin.
Recipes using apples